Most of a company’s information, including the most sensitive one, is stored on digital supports.
With this premise, data protection and data privacy represent an essential aspect of a company’s management.
In order to guarantee the security of their IT infrastructure, firms and private citizens must apply some technological and behavioural strategies.
About technological measures, a process of concentric circles is applied for IT security:
- Firewall and filters are applied to web browsing and mail (proxy) in order to prevent external access and to identify the contents accessible from the inside, thus providing perimeter security.
- Antivirus and Anti-malware softwares are installed on every device. These instruments need to be constantly updated and can protect from the most common threats, which daily come from both external and internal devices (such as usb keys and smartphones connected to the clients).
Data must also be protected from unpredictable or malicious events, such as cancellation or theft.
Backups, which are data copies on local or remote archives, are the countermeasure to the first possibility. Softwares for easy management of backups are available.
Sophisticated data leak prevention systems can identify, track and prevent unauthorized data access and are applied in order to protect the archives from theft.
Besides, it is very important that every user agrees to the company’s internal IT regulations. Employees and collaborators must be instructed to the correct use of the devices and to respect security procedures in order to avoid risk exposure for their company.